Water softening is imperative especially in areas where only hard water is available. This is because hard water carries mineral ions as it passes through the soil. The mineral ions form sediments as the water passes through pipes and clogs them. This means high costs of maintenance every now and then. There are various water softeners in the market that work to prevent this.
The Portable Water Softeners
These work by removing the Sodium, Magnesium, Calcium, Sulfur and Potassium ions that are responsible for the hardening of the water. The Portable Softener is light in weight and has the capability to soften up to 700 gallons of water per cycle. It also lasts for up to 20 days converting hard water into soft. This is a great appliance to have in the home and is also affordable.
Whole House Water Softener
These are large and ensure that water in the entire home is softened. They remove the mineral deposits as the water enters the home and these means less hassle attaching softening appliances to faucets and using Pitcher Filters. The softeners are very convenient but are quite expensive.
Point of Use water Softeners
These are water softeners that are attached to shower heads and faucets softening the water as it passes through. These water softeners are more affordable than the Whole House Water Softeners. Some these water softeners may come built into a dishwasher to prevent stains forming in the dishwasher or on the utensils.
Ion Exchange Softeners
These water softeners exchange magnesium and calcium ions and replace them with Sodium and Potassium ions. One will therefore need to add softener salt every now and then. These softeners are quite costly and require installation and operation charges. The operation charges are determined by the mode by which they operate as some require electricity to function.
Salt Free Water Softeners
These type of softeners work by preventing the magnesium and calcium ions from scaling the walls of the water tanks and pipes. Unlike most other systems these do not remove the unwanted ions from the water. They are not the most effective but are preferred by people who do not want excessive sodium ions in their water.
Magnetic Water Softeners
This water softeners pass a magnetic current through the water and this means the mineral ions in the water do not cluster hence do not attach to the water pipes or on areas where the water passes through. They also reduce the tension on the surface of the water hence reducing the amount of soap used and the formation of scum.
These are agents that bind to the ions in the water that are responsible for water hardening. Citric acid for example, binds to the calcium ions in the water and also to the calcium carbonate deposits that form and remove them from the pipes. The type of Chelating Agent used is determined by the degree of hardness of the water. It is important to determine this first.
These softeners ensure that water is discharged but mineral ions are not discharged. This leaves the water that is discharged is soft and easy to use.